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To support the European Commission in monitoring and gaining insight in what researchers find important in their careers and mobility, to what extent they still face barriers for mobility or career progression but also which impact policy measures have (had) on these aspects, the MORE4 study has collected information from individual researchers through two large-scale surveys:


  • The EU HEI survey (April-May 2019):
    A survey of around 10,000 individual researchers working in the EU (28 Member States + 3 Associated Countries) in higher education institutions (HEI) at the moment of the survey. The survey addresses researchers with both EU and non-EU citizenship. It also includes researchers who have been mobile outside the EU but have returned to work now in the EU. It does not include EU and non-EU researchers who are currently working outside the EU. The sampling and survey strategy guarantee representative data at country level. This survey is based on online and telephone interviews (CAWI and CATI).


  • The global survey (March-June 2020):
    A survey of more than 4,000 individual researchers working outside the EU at the moment of the survey. The majority (but not all) of the researchers in the sample worked in higher education institutes. The survey included i) EU researchers working outside the EU, ii) non-EU researchers who have worked in the EU in the past, iii) non-EU researchers who have not worked in the EU but who have been internationally mobile elsewhere and iv) non-EU researchers who have not been mobile at all.


Topics addressed in these surveys include:

  • Researchers’ socio-demographics
  • Education, PhD and doctoral training
  • Working conditions
  • Career paths
  • Geographical mobility (long and short term): stock, flows, motives, barriers and effects
  • Collaboration and virtual mobility
  • Interdisciplinary mobility
  • Intersectoral mobility