More4 Logo More3 European Commission Logo

Indicator tool:

How to get started


Indicators are defined according to existing terms and standards in the domain. In the description of the indicators, we refer to e.g.

Researchers    Career stages R1 to R4    Fields of science    Reference countries

Structure of the indicator tool

The database indicators are structured according to the following themes and subthemes:

HR of researchers Stock of researchers
Training phase
Employment situation of researchers Characteristics, position, status, contract
Satisfaction in current academic position
Mobility of researchers - Stock Geographical mobility - current
Geographical mobility - long term
Geographical mobility - short term
Geographical non-mobility
Mobility of researchers - Motives, Barriers, Effects Geographical mobility - motives
Geographical mobility - barriers
Geographical mobility - effects
Mobility of researchers - Non-geographic mobility Virtual mobility/Collaboration
Intersectoral mobility
Intersectoral mobility - characteristics, position, status, contract
Intersectoral mobility - motives
Interdisciplinary mobility and collaboration
Institutional factors HEI policy on recruitment
HEI policy on career progression
Open Science Open Science



Four dimensions can be selected for each of the indicators. The resulting values are available for 2012, 2016 and 2019.

  • Country (31 European countries and/or total EU)
  • Career stage (R1 to R4)
  • Gender (male or female)
  • Field of Science (Medical Sciences and Agricultural Sciences; Social Sciences and Humanities; Natural Sciences and Engineering & Technology)


All indicators are the result of a pre-defined and accurately implemented statistical strategy, guaranteeing a high level of accuracy. According to this strategy, estimates are representative at country level in the 31 countries (EU28+Norway, Iceland and Switzerland). This means that the general indicators, building on the entire sample and expressed per country in the panel, are representative for the researchers’ population in the country instead of only for the sample of respondents. For more information on the sampling strategy and the data processing, we refer to the MORE4 EU HE report.

Start online indicator tool